If you have a private well on your property, after a flood hits your area, one of the first things you need to check on is your well. You should not drink water out of your home until you have checked out your well and ensured that it was not damaged by the flood.
#1 Check If the Well Was Submerged
First, check and see if the well was submerged in water. If you were not home when the flooding occurred, look for signs that there are mud or water stains on the outside structure of the well. If you can see mud or water stains on the well, then that means that the well was submerged during the flooding. It doesn't mean that the well was damaged during the flooding though.
#2 Inspect the Ground
Your well is dug deep into the ground, which means you need to check out the condition of the ground around the well as well as the actual pump itself. Look at the ground and try and see if the dirt has eroded away.
If you see signs of excessive erosion around the well, then that means the unsafe water from the flood may have gotten into the well and the water may be contaminated. If that has occurred, you are going to need to regrade the land around the well. You want to build up the dirt around the well so that the soil doesn't erode and allow foreign particles into the well.
Make sure that you pile up the dirt so that it is sloped downward. You are going to want rain water to flow downward away from the well. You don't want the water to accumulate around the well, as that could lead to the well becoming contaminated.
You should make sure you don't put vegetation around the well. You don't want the roots from the vegetation to seek out water from the well. You also don't want to allow pesticides or fertilizers to get into the well, which is another reason to keep vegetation away from the well.
#3 Check out the Electrical Components
Next, you need to make sure that the electrical components on your well are completely covered up. Check and see if you see any exposed electrical wire or components. If it looks like any electrical components on your well are wet or were submerged in water, you are going to want to call an electrician in to examine them before you start using your well. You should never touch wet electrical wires. Touching wet electrical wires puts you at risk of being electrocuted.
#4 Look for Cracks in the Casing
Finally, you need to check the well casing. As you look over the well casing, you are going to be on the lookout for cracks in the well casing. Any cracks in the well casing would allow debris to get into your well. If there are cracks in the casing wall of your well, then that means that contaminates from the flood water could have gotten into your well.
Flood water can contain a wide variety of different types of contaminants, from raw sewage and oils to chemicals to bacteria that would be disastrous if they got into your water. Your water is going to need to be tested if you suspect at all that it could be contaminated.
Call on the experts at Clyde Sawyers & Son Well Drilling & Pump Service to come out, inspect your well, and ensure that everything is working properly after your property floods. They will make sure that your water is not contaminated and that all parts and components are working properly.