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4 Things You Must Consider Before Drilling a Well

Water, like electricity and natural gas, are precious commodities that are easier to deal with only at the consumption level. When you have to site, drill, treat and manage your water, you may feel overwhelmed. However, once you become accustomed to the benefits of owning a private well, you realize that the process is worth what it takes to get it done right.
Here are some of the things you and your contractor should think through before you take up drilling.


Drilling a well is not a haphazard, trial and error project. There are scientific methods to locate the best site and determine the best drilling methods to help guarantee you a sustainable water supply. However, no well is entirely infallible. Your daily water usage, the climate and other factors can affect the longevity of your well.
Work with a contractor that understands your water needs and can advise you honestly on the costs and benefits of drilling. You also need to understand the cost of maintaining a well. Know the depletion rate and how often you will need to clean your well.

Water Quality

The only way to know the quality of water you will get is to have it tested. Pesticides, fertilizers, herbicides and other naturally-occurring substances can seep into groundwater and make it unsafe for human or animal consumption. Geology can also play a role in the quality of the water you will get.
While most water toxins are treatable through simple measures like adding chlorine, some may require extensive mitigation measures that could make your project infeasible. Therefore, you need to have a water quality expert evaluate the water before you proceed with drilling.

Legal Requirements

Find out if you are legally permitted to drill a well before you commence any work. A professional drilling and pump service contractor will advise you. They can help you complete the necessary paperwork and acquire relevant licenses from your state's department of natural resources. Different states and counties have varying restrictions and licensing procedures.
In North Carolina, the North Carolina Well Construction Act outlines laws and procedures that you must adhere to as you construct, operate and maintain your well. For example, you should obtain permission from the Environmental Management Commission and must furnish the commission with your construction reports within a given period after completion.
You also must prove that the well will not be a source of contamination to other water supplies or bodies of water within your area. The law also dictates that you test the water for hazardous minerals and other contaminants. You may find that there are other requirements, and don't forget to check for procedures you must follow should you wish to abandon a well that did not turn out as you had anticipated.

Community Responsibility

Think about your neighbors and research whether your well will interfere with their properties or water quality. If you are drilling for large-scale farming, industrial use and other substantial commercial purposes, your well will need to draw water from larger areas and could, therefore, affect your neighbors' water supply.
Any contamination in your well could also have far-reaching effects on the groundwater or the aquifer that feeds your neighbors' water channels. Your drilling contractor will help you choose a location and put in place measures that will protect you from such possibilities. 
A professionally-done well in an area with a high underground water table should last you decades if you maintain it properly. A shallow and poorly-positioned well, on the other hand, may cause you significant problems. Be sure to work with a trusted and experienced drilling company that will conduct all the relevant research to ensure your investment is worthwhile.
Contact Clyde Sawyers & Son Well Drilling & Pump Service for expert advice and services when you are ready to drill your well.