If you plan to purchase a home with a water well, or if you intend to install a well for your home, you need to understand a few things beforehand. Well water has many benefits, but you need to understand the components of well water to ensure your water source is safe and healthy to use.
Where Does the Water Come From?
Well water comes directly from the ground. The water well drillers will drill to the aquifer. This layer of permeable rock contains water. Drillers install a pump system in the drilled hole so the water can move from the ground to the house.
The groundwater comes from the rain that has soaked into the soil and to the aquifer.
Is Well Water Hard?
Groundwater will consist of various organic matter, including minerals from the rocks and soil. The minerals can result in hard water. Hard water will occur in areas with more underground rock and so is more prevalent in mountainous regions.
Whether you live in an area with more underground minerals or not, you may want to consider installing a softening system to your water well. If you are not certain you have hard water, you can test the water either with an at-home kit or professionally.
If you have purchased a home with a well already installed, check to see if the well has an installed water softener. If the well does, have a professional check the equipment to make sure the system still treats the water efficiently.
Does Well Water Cause Stains?
Well water can cause stains on tubs, sinks, toilets, and other fixtures. In many cases, the stains are because of iron in the water. Iron is a nuisance with your home's water. The iron can result in red or deep yellow stains on your fixtures. The stains are difficult to get rid of and will ultimately come back after you remove them. Iron can also cause your water to have a foul taste.
To get rid of the iron stains and bad iron taste, you need to install an iron filtration system. This system will oxidize the iron and filter the sulfur from the water.
Can Well Water Become Contaminated?
Although well water is generally less susceptible to contamination than municipal water, the possibility for contamination still exists.
The biggest issue is contamination from animal waste runoff and from septic tanks when they are located too close to the well. To help prevent contaminated water from entering your home, consider installing a reverse osmosis drinking water system. This system has strong filters that will significantly reduce any trace elements of bacteria and metals.
Does Well Water Require Testing?
Although well water is typically of better quality than a municipal water system, you still need to have a professional check your water at least once a year. You should test for the presence of E.coli and coliform at least. If your water suddenly tastes different or takes on a different color than normal, you should test the water at that point as well.
You can purchase testing kits to check for a variety of issues, including the presence of radon, nitrates, and arsenic. Be sure to read the test kit to ensure it will check for the contaminates you are concerned about.
Water wells provide a good quality water source, but they do require some upkeep and maintenance. If you need assistance, please contact Clyde Sawyers and Son Well Drilling and Pump Service today. We are happy to answer any of your questions and concerns about your water well and services related to that.